Modern Terrorist Movements: ISIL and Beyond
Terrorism is now a fact of life in many areas of the world. What differentiates contemporary terrorist organizations like the self-described Islamic State (Syria and Iraq), Boko Haram (Nigeria), al-Shabab (Somalia), and Ansar Baytt al-Maqdis (Egypt) from earlier movements that were established in the 1970s, such as the FARC in Colombia, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) in Turkey, and the LTTE in Sri Lanka? Why did earlier movements operate within the framework of the Westphalian sovereign nation-state paradigm whereas terrorist movements today reject that framework in its entirety? Is the influx of youth into contemporary terrorist organizations an indicator of as well as a response to the decline of nationalism, the increase of trans-national migration since the 1970s, or the disruption of the traditional family structure? Through this seminar students will better understand modern terrorism and the global threat that it poses. Development policies will also be discussed as part of a comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy.