Medical Decision Making
How do patients, physicians, and policy makers make decisions? What type of evidence and mathematical principles should inform medical decisions? What errors or biases do actual decisions display, and what do those biases indicate about the psychological processes that underlie decision making? In this seminar we will first discuss some principles of evidence-based medicine. Then we will examine some empirical psychological studies of medical decision making that illustrate how physicians and patients sometimes deviate systematically from sound decision principles. We will discuss the implications of the findings for both the basic science question of understanding the psychology of decision making and also the applied question of how to improve medical practice and health policy.